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Berklix - Server Names, Services & User Info

This is http://www.berklix.org/berklix/names.html

Domains

Various entities share domains on the various servers, so sometimes multiple variant URLs can take you to the same place.

Hosts

Host naming is subject to change, but a snapshot is below. For current correct information, consult the name servers, available via normal BSD Unix Nslookup(8) command etc.

Avoid using physical host names (DNS A records). Use virtual functional aliases (DNS CNAME records) listed below. This minimises user inconvenience, & allows us maximal flexibility to invisibly dynamicly re-allocate resources during upgrades, reconfigurations etc.

Virtual Hosts

SERVICE MAIN NAME INDIVIDUAL SERVER NAMES
HTTP www.berklix.org www1.berklix.org, www2.berklix.org
FTP (download only, upload blocked) ftp.berklix.org ftp1.berklix.org, ftp2.berklix.org
Mail - Receivers berklix.org mx1.berklix.org , mx2.berklix.org
Mail List Servers berklix.org list1.berklix.org , list2.berklix.org
Mail - POP3 Servers - pop1.berklix.org , pop2.berklix.org
WebMail webmail.berklix.org webmail1.berklix.org, webmail2.berklix.org
Ssh & Sftp user.berklix.org
Name Servers ns.berklix.org ns1.berklix.org, ns2.berklix.org
SMTP Relay smtprelay.berklix.net smtprelay1.berklix.org , smtprelay2.berklix.org

Note EG www2 may or not be same as mx2 etc, Or Not. ie same number does not indicate same physical host.

Anonymous Services

  • Mirroring from these hosts is either not available, or discouraged. If you mirror please try to do it weekends/ evenings, to avoid creating heavy traffic or dial-in access load during business hours. There are better faster mirrors at universities, & in Munich (ask at the BIM Stammtisch, or consult official BSD sites: www.FreeBSD.org & www.NetBSD.org & www.OpenBSD.org.

Logins

  • Use SSH only (to avoid password capture by intermediate systems). Rlogin & Telnet are forbidden. They are only for use of administrator, to rescue machines, if for some reason sshd might fail. (After which use am immediate change of password would occur).
  • Use sftp rather than ftp if loging in with your password.
  • Mail should not be sent to login_name @ berklix .org, but to login_name @ user.berklix .org
  • Logins are just on one host "user.berklix.org": Central multi host passwording is not done.
  • The ftp servers run read only to avoid Warez dumpers. Please don't create so much traffic it might annoy our sites
  • Some of packages are installed to maintain BIM leaflets etc, however, this is not a place for arbitrary packages better installed on your own computer.

Server Outages (upgrades & outages etc)

  • 2016-07-30 05:00 Saturday: Some hour(s) after this Berklix server `slim' died.
  • UPS power failed, part of a SAN failed, that housed the virtual server
  • Alternate dual reserve server `Land' had old configurations inc. for DNS, so Berklix temporarily disappeared
  • Lists & majordomo & web etc ceased.
  • 2016-07-31 12:27 : First of several reconfigs of DNS server on `Land' .
  • Name server was repaired on host `Land', to restore Berklix
  • Berklix web & incoming mail re-appeared on internet via host server `Land'
  • 2016-07-31 16:09 : Creation & First boot of new server `Slim'
  • `Slim' configured for DNS SMTP HTTP etc. configs & data reloaded from backups.
  • New virtual server with newer release of OS & utilities took some time to configure;
  • 2016-07-31 19:35 Slim started serving web
  • Reload of dependent domains initiated.
  • No mail list data was lost, (configs, member lists, archives, etc all intact, backed up both on reserve live server & off internet too, to 2016-07-30 05:00).
  • 2016-08-03 07:59 Wednesday Land received a normal (non test) list mail to chilli-org@
  • 2016-08-03 20:05 Wednesday Reserve server `Land' resumed normal list transmission (of a posting to list chilli-org@)
  • 2016-08-04 17:30 Mail lists tested OK on both servers with test list zz-test@
  • 2016-08-04 19:00 DNS reverts to full dual to provide automatic fallback
  • 2016-08-05 ~ 01:00 SASL (for outgoing home to server mail) fixed
  • 2016-08-07 13:30 webmail fixed on main server
  • 2016-08-19 webmail fixed on reserve server.
  • 2016-08-19 & before: Further upgrades necessitated perl upgrade, demime & majordomo now dont work.
  • 2016 -08-19 Fri. To bg-announce@ : "mail list servers are reconfiguring ... may be problematic if you send HTML or MIME"
  • 2016 -08-20 Sat. To bg-announce@ "Some missed event announcement(s) as a criminal falsely registered the server as a spam domain. Tracing in progress."
  • 2016 -08-20 majordomo@ & *-request@ diverted for a few days. & notified on top of berklix.org/help
  • 2016 -08-30 3 lists on mailman now converted from slim.berklix.org to mailman.berklix.org. Prefs for mailman set mm_cfg.py
  • Recurrence of problem "Mailman expected the mail wrapper script to be executed as group "mailman other mail daemon", but the system's mail server executed the mail script as group "mailnull""
  • 2016 -08-30 16:30~ host=slim gradually froze up. No response from ^C ^\ ^Z Suspect thrashing from mailman possibly ? Maybe it'll eventually saturate all resources & crash reboot ?

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